Fluorochemicals - Global Market Outlook (2017-2026)

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Fluorochemicals - Global Market Outlook (2017-2026)

The Global Fluoro-chemicals market is expected to grow from $16.93 billion in 2017 to reach $31.93 billion by 2026 with a CAGR of 7.3%. Growing aluminum manufacturing, affirmative automotive position and rising refrigerant requirement are some of the key factors fuelling the market growth. However, strict regulatory circumstances are some factors hindering the growth of the market.

Fluoro-chemicals are chemical substances composed of fluorine. They are used to provide cooling solutions in energy, electronics, personal care industries, and others. High resistance to natural solvents, acids, and bases are the important trends and factors influencing the market assurance. Thus, they are used in a variety of applications such as fluorocarbons, fluoropolymers, inorganics & specialties.

In terms of products, the fluorocarbons, which are formed when fluorine is covalently bonded to carbon atoms in different number and configurations, account for maximum share in the market. The strength and stability of these covalent bonds impart unique properties to fluorocarbons that allow them to function as refrigerants, solvents, lubricants, propellants, and stain-repellent products. the fluorocarbons are expected to see swift uptake on account of its use across applications like blowing agents, packaging, solvents, refrigerants, and aerosol propellants.

By geography, Asia Pacific fluoro-chemicals market accounted a high share of global volume. Positive outlook towards the vehicle sector in China, India, Indonesia, and Malaysia is predicted to boost the application of refrigerants in HVAC systems for vehicles and thus adds to industrial growth. The abundance of aluminum reserves in China, India, and Australia along with the regulatory inclination to promote FDI in the domestic metal sector is expected to increase its application in the near future. Asia Pacific is expected to witness significant gains in terms of volume.

Some of the key players in fluoro-chemicals the market include DuPont de Nemours & Co., 3M Advanced Materials, Mitsui Chemicals, Inc., Honeywell International, Inc., Halocarbon Products Corporation, Pelchem SOC Ltd., Solvay SA, ASAHI GLASS CO. LTD., Arkema SA             Dongyue Group Ltd., Daikin Industries, Ltd. , INOX Air Products Private Limited, Gujarat Fluorochemicals Limited, Air Products and Chemicals Inc. , Mexichem Fluor S.A. de C.V., The Chemours Company, Sumitomo Electric Schrumpf-Produkte GmbH, James Walker & Co., Clwyed Compounders and Shin-Etsu Chemical Co.  

Types Covered:
• Organic
• Inorganic

Products Covered:
• Inorganics & specialties
• Fluoropolymers
• Fluororepellants             
• Fluorosurfactants              
• Aluminum fluoride 3 (AIF3)
• Fluorocarbon
• Other Products

End Users Covered:
• Aluminum production
• Blowing agent
• Components & others
• Firefighting                
• Air-conditioning              
• Electrical & Electronics
• Home Industrial Appliances
• Pharmaceuticals
• Plastic Foams 
• Other End Users
 
Regions Covered:

  • North America
    • US
    • Canada
    • Mexico
  • Europe
    • Germany
    • UK
    • Italy
    • France
    • Spain
    • Rest of Europe
  • Asia Pacific
    • Japan       
    • China       
    • India       
    • Australia 
    • New Zealand     
    • South Korea      
    • Rest of Asia Pacific   
  • South America
    • Argentina
    • Brazil
    • Chile
    • Rest of South America
  • Middle East & Africa
    • Saudi Arabia
    • UAE
    • Qatar
    • South Africa
    • Rest of Middle East & Africa

What our report offers:
- Market share assessments for the regional and country level segments
- Market share analysis of the top industry players
- Strategic recommendations for the new entrants
- Market forecasts for a minimum of 9 years of all the mentioned segments, sub segments and the regional markets
- Market Trends (Drivers, Constraints, Opportunities, Threats, Challenges, Investment Opportunities, and recommendations)
- Strategic recommendations in key business segments based on the market estimations
- Competitive landscaping mapping the key common trends
- Company profiling with detailed strategies, financials, and recent developments
- Supply chain trends mapping the latest technological advancements

1 Executive Summary    
      
2 Preface     
 2.1 Abstract    
 2.2 Stake Holders   
 2.3 Research Scope   
 2.4 Research Methodology  
  2.4.1 Data Mining  
  2.4.2 Data Analysis  
  2.4.3 Data Validation  
  2.4.4 Research Approach  
 2.5 Research Sources   
  2.5.1 Primary Research Sources 
  2.5.2 Secondary Research Sources 
  2.5.3 Assumptions  
      
3 Market Trend Analysis    
 3.1 Introduction   
 3.2 Drivers    
 3.3 Restraints   
 3.4 Opportunities   
 3.5 Threats    
 3.6 Product Analysis   
 3.7 End User Analysis   
 3.8 Emerging Markets   
 3.9 Futuristic Market Scenario  
      
4 Porters Five Force Analysis    
 4.1 Bargaining power of suppliers  
 4.2 Bargaining power of buyers  
 4.3 Threat of substitutes  
 4.4 Threat of new entrants  
 4.5 Competitive rivalry   
      
5 Global Fluorochemicals Market, By Type   
 5.1 Introduction   
 5.2 Organic     
 5.3 Inorganic    
      
6 Global Fluorochemicals Market, By Product 
 6.1 Introduction   
 6.2 Inorganics & Specialties  
 6.3 Fluoropolymers   
 6.4 Fluoroelastomers   
 6.5 Aluminium Fluoride 3 (AIF3)  
 6.6 Fluorocarbon   
  6.6.1 Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC)
  6.6.2 Hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) 
  6.6.3 Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) 
 6.7 Other Products   
      
7 Global Fluorochemicals Market, By End User 
 7.1 Introduction   
 7.2 Aluminium Production  
 7.3 Blowing Agent   
 7.4 Components & Others  
 7.5 Firefighting                   
 7.6 Electrical & Electronics  
 7.7 Home Industrial Appliances  
 7.8 Pharmaceuticals   
 7.9 Plastic Foams   
 7.10 Other End Users   
  7.10.1 Refrigerants  
  7.10.2 Automotive  
      
8 Global Fluorochemicals Market, By Geography 
 8.1 Introduction   
 8.2 North America   
  8.2.1 US   
  8.2.2 Canada   
  8.2.3 Mexico   
 8.3 Europe    
  8.3.1 Germany   
  8.3.2 UK   
  8.3.3 Italy   
  8.3.4 France   
  8.3.5 Spain   
  8.3.6 Rest of Europe  
 8.4 Asia Pacific   
  8.4.1 Japan   
  8.4.2 China   
  8.4.3 India   
  8.4.4 Australia   
  8.4.5 New Zealand  
  8.4.6 South Korea  
  8.4.7 Rest of Asia Pacific  
 8.5 South America   
  8.5.1 Argentina  
  8.5.2 Brazil    
  8.5.3 Chile   
  8.5.4 Rest of South America 
 8.6 Middle East & Africa  
  8.6.1 Saudi Arabia  
  8.6.2 UAE   
  8.6.3 Qatar   
  8.6.4 South Africa  
  8.6.5 Rest of Middle East & Africa 
      
9 Key Developments    
 9.1 Agreements, Partnerships, Collaborations and Joint Ventures
 9.2 Acquisitions & Mergers  
 9.3 New Product Launch  
 9.4 Expansions   
 9.5 Other Key Strategies  
      
10 Company Profiling    
 10.1 DuPont de Nemours & Co.               
 10.2 3M Advanced Materials                
 10.3 Mitsui Chemicals, Inc.                
 10.4 Honeywell International, Inc.              
 10.5 Halocarbon Products Corporation 
 10.6 Pelchem SOC Ltd.                 
 10.7 Solvay SA      
 10.8 ASAHI GLASS CO. LTD.  
 10.9 Arkema SA                   
 10.10 Dongyue Group Ltd.                
 10.11 Daikin Industries, Ltd.  
 10.12 INOX Air Products Private Limited 
 10.13 Gujarat Fluorochemicals Limited  
 10.14 Air Products and Chemicals Inc. 
 10.15 Mexichem Fluor S.A. de C.V.   
 10.16 The Chemours Company  
 10.17 Sumitomo Electric Schrumpf-Produkte GmbH
 10.18 James Walker & Co.   
 10.19 Clwyed Compounders  
 10.20 Shin-Etsu Chemical Co.  

Fluorochemicals - Global Market Outlook (2017-2026)

List of Tables     
1 Global Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Region (2016-2026) (US $MN)
2 Global Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Type(2016-2026) (US $MN)
3 Global Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Organic(2016-2026) (US $MN)
4 Global Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Inorganic(2016-2026) (US $MN)
5 Global Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Product(2016-2026) (US $MN)
6 Global Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Inorganics & Specialties(2016-2026) (US $MN)
7 Global Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Fluoropolymers(2016-2026) (US $MN)
8 Global Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Fluoroelastomers(2016-2026) (US $MN)
9 Global Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Aluminium Fluoride 3 (AIF3)(2016-2026) (US $MN)
10 Global Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Fluorocarbon(2016-2026) (US $MN)
11 Global Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC)(2016-2026) (US $MN)
12 Global Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Hydrofluorocarbon (HFC)(2016-2026) (US $MN)
13 Global Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO)(2016-2026) (US $MN)
14 Global Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Other Products(2016-2026) (US $MN)
15 Global Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By End User(2016-2026) (US $MN)
16 Global Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Aluminium Production(2016-2026) (US $MN)
17 Global Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Blowing Agent(2016-2026) (US $MN)
18 Global Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Components & Others(2016-2026) (US $MN)
19 Global Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Firefighting(2016-2026) (US $MN)
20 Global Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Electrical & Electronics(2016-2026) (US $MN)
21 Global Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Home Industrial Appliances(2016-2026) (US $MN)
22 Global Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Pharmaceuticals(2016-2026) (US $MN)
23 Global Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Plastic Foams(2016-2026) (US $MN)
24 Global Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Other End Users(2016-2026) (US $MN)
25 Global Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Refrigerants(2016-2026) (US $MN)
26 Global Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Automotive(2016-2026) (US $MN)
27 North America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Country (2016-2026) (US $MN)
28 North America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Type(2016-2026) (US $MN)
29 North America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Organic(2016-2026) (US $MN)
30 North America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Inorganic(2016-2026) (US $MN)
31 North America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Product(2016-2026) (US $MN)
32 North America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Inorganics & Specialties(2016-2026) (US $MN)
33 North America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Fluoropolymers(2016-2026) (US $MN)
34 North America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Fluoroelastomers(2016-2026) (US $MN)
35 North America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Aluminium Fluoride 3 (AIF3)(2016-2026) (US $MN)
36 North America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Fluorocarbon(2016-2026) (US $MN)
37 North America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC)(2016-2026) (US $MN)
38 North America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Hydrofluorocarbon (HFC)(2016-2026) (US $MN)
39 North America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO)(2016-2026) (US $MN)
40 North America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Other Products(2016-2026) (US $MN)
41 North America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By End User(2016-2026) (US $MN)
42 North America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Aluminium Production(2016-2026) (US $MN)
43 North America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Blowing Agent(2016-2026) (US $MN)
44 North America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Components & Others(2016-2026) (US $MN)
45 North America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Firefighting(2016-2026) (US $MN)
46 North America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Electrical & Electronics(2016-2026) (US $MN)
47 North America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Home Industrial Appliances(2016-2026) (US $MN)
48 North America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Pharmaceuticals(2016-2026) (US $MN)
49 North America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Plastic Foams(2016-2026) (US $MN)
50 North America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Other End Users(2016-2026) (US $MN)
51 North America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Refrigerants(2016-2026) (US $MN)
52 North America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Automotive(2016-2026) (US $MN)
53 Europe Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Country (2016-2026) (US $MN)
54 Europe Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Type(2016-2026) (US $MN)
55 Europe Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Organic(2016-2026) (US $MN)
56 Europe Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Inorganic(2016-2026) (US $MN)
57 Europe Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Product(2016-2026) (US $MN)
58 Europe Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Inorganics & Specialties(2016-2026) (US $MN)
59 Europe Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Fluoropolymers(2016-2026) (US $MN)
60 Europe Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Fluoroelastomers(2016-2026) (US $MN)
61 Europe Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Aluminium Fluoride 3 (AIF3)(2016-2026) (US $MN)
62 Europe Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Fluorocarbon(2016-2026) (US $MN)
63 Europe Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC)(2016-2026) (US $MN)
64 Europe Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Hydrofluorocarbon (HFC)(2016-2026) (US $MN)
65 Europe Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO)(2016-2026) (US $MN)
66 Europe Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Other Products(2016-2026) (US $MN)
67 Europe Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By End User(2016-2026) (US $MN)
68 Europe Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Aluminium Production(2016-2026) (US $MN)
69 Europe Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Blowing Agent(2016-2026) (US $MN)
70 Europe Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Components & Others(2016-2026) (US $MN)
71 Europe Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Firefighting(2016-2026) (US $MN)
72 Europe Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Electrical & Electronics(2016-2026) (US $MN)
73 Europe Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Home Industrial Appliances(2016-2026) (US $MN)
74 Europe Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Pharmaceuticals(2016-2026) (US $MN)
75 Europe Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Plastic Foams(2016-2026) (US $MN)
76 Europe Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Other End Users(2016-2026) (US $MN)
77 Europe Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Refrigerants(2016-2026) (US $MN)
78 Europe Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Automotive(2016-2026) (US $MN)
79 Asia Pacific Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Country (2016-2026) (US $MN)
80 Asia Pacific Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Type(2016-2026) (US $MN)
81 Asia Pacific Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Organic(2016-2026) (US $MN)
82 Asia Pacific Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Inorganic(2016-2026) (US $MN)
83 Asia Pacific Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Product(2016-2026) (US $MN)
84 Asia Pacific Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Inorganics & Specialties(2016-2026) (US $MN)
85 Asia Pacific Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Fluoropolymers(2016-2026) (US $MN)
86 Asia Pacific Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Fluoroelastomers(2016-2026) (US $MN)
87 Asia Pacific Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Aluminium Fluoride 3 (AIF3)(2016-2026) (US $MN)
88 Asia Pacific Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Fluorocarbon(2016-2026) (US $MN)
89 Asia Pacific Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC)(2016-2026) (US $MN)
90 Asia Pacific Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Hydrofluorocarbon (HFC)(2016-2026) (US $MN)
91 Asia Pacific Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO)(2016-2026) (US $MN)
92 Asia Pacific Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Other Products(2016-2026) (US $MN)
93 Asia Pacific Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By End User(2016-2026) (US $MN)
94 Asia Pacific Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Aluminium Production(2016-2026) (US $MN)
95 Asia Pacific Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Blowing Agent(2016-2026) (US $MN)
96 Asia Pacific Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Components & Others(2016-2026) (US $MN)
97 Asia Pacific Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Firefighting(2016-2026) (US $MN)
98 Asia Pacific Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Electrical & Electronics(2016-2026) (US $MN)
99 Asia Pacific Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Home Industrial Appliances(2016-2026) (US $MN)
100 Asia Pacific Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Pharmaceuticals(2016-2026) (US $MN)
101 Asia Pacific Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Plastic Foams(2016-2026) (US $MN)
102 Asia Pacific Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Other End Users(2016-2026) (US $MN)
103 Asia Pacific Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Refrigerants(2016-2026) (US $MN)
104 Asia Pacific Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Automotive(2016-2026) (US $MN)
105 South America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Country (2016-2026) (US $MN)
106 South America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Type(2016-2026) (US $MN)
107 South America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Organic(2016-2026) (US $MN)
108 South America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Inorganic(2016-2026) (US $MN)
109 South America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Product(2016-2026) (US $MN)
110 South America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Inorganics & Specialties(2016-2026) (US $MN)
111 South America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Fluoropolymers(2016-2026) (US $MN)
112 South America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Fluoroelastomers(2016-2026) (US $MN)
113 South America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Aluminium Fluoride 3 (AIF3)(2016-2026) (US $MN)
114 South America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Fluorocarbon(2016-2026) (US $MN)
115 South America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC)(2016-2026) (US $MN)
116 South America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Hydrofluorocarbon (HFC)(2016-2026) (US $MN)
117 South America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO)(2016-2026) (US $MN)
118 South America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Other Products(2016-2026) (US $MN)
119 South America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By End User(2016-2026) (US $MN)
120 South America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Aluminium Production(2016-2026) (US $MN)
121 South America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Blowing Agent(2016-2026) (US $MN)
122 South America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Components & Others(2016-2026) (US $MN)
123 South America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Firefighting(2016-2026) (US $MN)
124 South America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Electrical & Electronics(2016-2026) (US $MN)
125 South America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Home Industrial Appliances(2016-2026) (US $MN)
126 South America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Pharmaceuticals(2016-2026) (US $MN)
127 South America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Plastic Foams(2016-2026) (US $MN)
128 South America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Other End Users(2016-2026) (US $MN)
129 South America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Refrigerants(2016-2026) (US $MN)
130 South America Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Automotive(2016-2026) (US $MN)
131 Middle East & Africa Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Country (2016-2026) (US $MN)
132 Middle East & Africa Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Type(2016-2026) (US $MN)
133 Middle East & Africa Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Organic(2016-2026) (US $MN)
134 Middle East & Africa Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Inorganic(2016-2026) (US $MN)
135 Middle East & Africa Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Product(2016-2026) (US $MN)
136 Middle East & Africa Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Inorganics & Specialties(2016-2026) (US $MN)
137 Middle East & Africa Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Fluoropolymers(2016-2026) (US $MN)
138 Middle East & Africa Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Fluoroelastomers(2016-2026) (US $MN)
139 Middle East & Africa Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Aluminium Fluoride 3 (AIF3)(2016-2026) (US $MN)
140 Middle East & Africa Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Fluorocarbon(2016-2026) (US $MN)
141 Middle East & Africa Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC)(2016-2026) (US $MN)
142 Middle East & Africa Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Hydrofluorocarbon (HFC)(2016-2026) (US $MN)
143 Middle East & Africa Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO)(2016-2026) (US $MN)
144 Middle East & Africa Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Other Products(2016-2026) (US $MN)
145 Middle East & Africa Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By End User(2016-2026) (US $MN)
146 Middle East & Africa Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Aluminium Production(2016-2026) (US $MN)
147 Middle East & Africa Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Blowing Agent(2016-2026) (US $MN)
148 Middle East & Africa Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Components & Others(2016-2026) (US $MN)
149 Middle East & Africa Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Firefighting(2016-2026) (US $MN)
150 Middle East & Africa Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Electrical & Electronics(2016-2026) (US $MN)
151 Middle East & Africa Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Home Industrial Appliances(2016-2026) (US $MN)
152 Middle East & Africa Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Pharmaceuticals(2016-2026) (US $MN)
153 Middle East & Africa Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Plastic Foams(2016-2026) (US $MN)
154 Middle East & Africa Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Other End Users(2016-2026) (US $MN)
155 Middle East & Africa Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Refrigerants(2016-2026) (US $MN)
156 Middle East & Africa Fluorochemicals Market Outlook, By Automotive(2016-2026) (US $MN)

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