The Private LTE & 5G Network Ecosystem: 2018 – 2030 – Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies, Industry Verticals & Forecasts

"With the standardization of capabilities such as MCPTT (Mission-Critical PTT) by the 3GPP, LTE is increasingly being viewed as an all-inclusive critical communications platform for the delivery of multiple mission-critical services ranging from PTT group communications to real-time video surveillance, and organizations across the critical communications industry u2013 from public safety agencies to railway operators u2013 are making sizeable investments in private LTE and 5G-ready networks.

By providing authority over wireless coverage and capacity, private LTE and 5G networks can ensure guaranteed connectivity, while supporting a wide range of applications and usage scenarios. Small-scale private LTE and 5G-ready networks are also beginning to be deployed in industrial IoT (Internet of Things) settings u2013 where LTE and 5G can fulfill the stringent reliability, availability and low latency requirements for connectivity in industrial control and automation systems, besides supporting mobility for robotics and machines.

In addition, with the emergence of capabilities such as multi-operator small cells and shared/unlicensed spectrum access schemes, the use of private LTE and 5G networks u2013 in enterprise buildings, campuses and public venues, for localized connectivity u2013 is expected to grow significantly over the coming years.

Expected to surpass $2.5 Billion in annual spending by the end of 2018, private LTE and 5G networks are increasingly becoming the preferred approach to deliver wireless connectivity for critical communications, industrial IoT, enterprise & campus environments, and public venues. SNS Telecom & IT estimates that the market will further grow at a CAGR of approximately 30% between 2018 and 2021, eventually accounting for more than $5 Billion by the end of 2021.

The “Private LTE & 5G Network Ecosystem: 2018 u2013 2030 u2013 Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies, Industry Verticals & Forecasts” report presents an in-depth assessment of the private LTE and 5G network ecosystem including market drivers, challenges, enabling technologies, vertical market opportunities, applications, key trends, standardization, spectrum availability/allocation, regulatory landscape, deployment case studies, opportunities, future roadmap, value chain, ecosystem player profiles and strategies. The report also presents forecasts for private LTE and 5G network infrastructure investments from 2018 till 2030. The forecasts cover 3 submarkets, 10 vertical markets and 6 regions.

The report comes with an associated Excel datasheet suite covering quantitative data from all numeric forecasts presented in the report."

"Topics Covered
The report covers the following topics:
- Private LTE & 5G network ecosystem
- Market drivers and barriers
- Architectural components and operational models for private LTE & 5G networks
- Analysis of vertical markets and applications \u2013 ranging from mobile broadband and mission-critical voice to domain-specific applications such as the delay-sensitive control of railway infrastructure
- Key enabling technologies and concepts including MCPTT, deployable LTE\/5G systems, eMTC, NB-IoT, unlicensed\/shared spectrum, neutral-host small cells and network slicing
- Review of private LTE & 5G network engagements worldwide, including case studies of 30 live networks
- Spectrum availability, allocation and usage for private LTE & 5G networks
- Standardization, regulatory and collaborative initiatives
- Industry roadmap and value chain
- Profiles and strategies of over 440 ecosystem players including LTE\/5G network infrastructure OEMs and vertical-domain specialists
- Strategic recommendations for end users, LTE\/5G network infrastructure OEMs, system integrators and commercial\/private mobile operators
- Market analysis and forecasts from 2018 till 2030

Forecast Segmentation
Market forecasts are provided for each of the following submarkets and their subcategories:

- RAN (Radio Access Network)
- Mobile Core
- Mobile Backhaul & Transport

- 5G

Vertical Markets
Critical Communications & Industrial IoT
- Public Safety
- Military
- Energy
- Utilities
- Mining
- Transportation
- Factories & Warehousing
- Others
Enterprise & Campus Environments
Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts

Regional Markets
- Asia Pacific
- Eastern Europe
- Middle East & Africa
- Latin & Central America
- North America
- Western Europe

Key Questions Answered
The report provides answers to the following key questions:
- How big is the private LTE & 5G network opportunity?
- What trends, challenges and barriers are influencing its growth?
- How is the ecosystem evolving by segment and region?
- What will the market size be in 2021 and at what rate will it grow?
- Which vertical markets will see the highest percentage of growth?
- How will unlicensed and shared spectrum schemes \u2013 such as CBRS in the United States \u2013 accelerate the adoption of private LTE & 5G networks for enterprises, public venues and neutral hosts?
- How does standardization impact the adoption of LTE & 5G networks for critical communications and industrial IoT?
- When will MCPTT and other 3GPP-compliant mission-critical capabilities become commercially mature for implementation?
- What opportunities exist for commercial mobile operators in the private LTE & 5G network ecosystem?
- Will private LTE & 5G networks replace GSM-R and other legacy technologies for railway communications?
- What are the prospects of deployable LTE & 5G systems?
- Who are the key market players and what are their strategies?
- What strategies should LTE\/5G infrastructure OEMs, system integrators and mobile operators adopt to remain competitive?

Key Findings
The report has the following key findings:
- Expected to surpass $2.5 Billion in annual spending by the end of 2018, private LTE and 5G networks are increasingly becoming the preferred approach to deliver wireless connectivity for critical communications, industrial IoT, enterprise & campus environments, and public venues.
- SNS Telecom & IT estimates that the market will further grow at a CAGR of approximately 30% between 2018 and 2021, eventually accounting for more than $5 Billion in annual spending by the end of 2021.
- The critical communications and industrial IoT segment will continue to dominate the market in the coming years, primarily driven by the wide-area and ubiquitous coverage requirements of ongoing nationwide public safety LTE network rollouts such as FirstNet and South Korea's Safe-Net, and supported by considerable investments in the military, energy, utilities, mining and transportation sectors.
- In the coming years, we also expect to see significant activity in the 3.5 GHz CBRS and 5 GHz unlicensed bands, to support private LTE and 5G network deployments across a range of environments, particularly enterprise buildings, public venues, factories and warehouses.
- To avoid the high costs associated with large-scale dedicated LTE networks, governments in a number of countries \u2013 predominantly in Europe \u2013 are encouraging the adoption of secure MVNO (Mobile Virtual Network Operator) arrangements that pair private mobile core platforms with commercial LTE networks to deliver broadband capabilities for critical communications users.
- Mobile operators are becoming ever more creative in their strategies to gain a foothold in the private LTE and 5G network ecosystem \u2013 ranging from operated-branded critical communications LTE platforms to the BYON (Build Your Own Network) business model where mobile operators provide access to their licensed spectrum so organizations can establish their own private LTE networks in their active footprint.
- Vertical-domain specialists are leveraging partnerships with established wireless network infrastructure OEMs \u2013 such as Ericsson, Nokia, Huawei and Samsung \u2013 to offer end-to-end private LTE and 5G-ready network solutions."

The Private LTE & 5G Network Ecosystem: 2018 – 2030 – Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies, Industry Verticals & Forecasts


Chapter 1: Introduction

Executive Summary

Topics Covered

Forecast Segmentation

Key Questions Answered

Key Findings


Target Audience

Companies & Organizations Mentioned


Chapter 2: An Overview of Private LTE & 5G Networks

Private Wireless Networks

Addressing the Needs of the Critical Communications Industry

The Limitations of LMR (Land Mobile Radio) Networks

Moving Towards Commercial Mobile Broadband Technologies

Connectivity Requirements for the Industrial IoT (Internet of Things)

Localized Mobile Networks for Buildings, Campuses & Public Venues

LTE & 5G for Private Networking

Why LTE?

Performance Metrics

Coexistence, Interoperability and Spectrum Flexibility

A Thriving Ecosystem

Economic Feasibility

Moving Towards LTE-Advanced & LTE-Advanced Pro Networks

5G Capabilities & Usage Scenarios

Architectural Components of Private LTE & 5G Networks

UE (User Equipment)

E-UTRAN – The LTE RAN (Radio Access Network)

eNB Base Stations


Transport Network

EPC (Evolved Packet Core) – The LTE Mobile Core

SGW (Serving Gateway)

PGW (Packet Data Network Gateway)

MME (Mobility Management Entity)

HSS (Home Subscriber Server)

PCRF (Policy Charging and Rules Function)

IMS (IP-Multimedia Subsystem), Application & Service Elements

IMS Core & VoLTE

eMBMS (Enhanced Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service)

ProSe (Proximity Services)

Group Communication & Mission-Critical Services

Gateways for LTE-External Network Interworking

Proposed 5G Architectural Elements

5G NR (New Radio)

NextGen Core Network

Key Enabling Technologies & Concepts

Critical Communications

MCPTT (Mission-Critical PTT) Voice & Group Communications

Mission-Critical Video & Data

ProSe (Proximity Services) for D2D Connectivity & Communications

IOPS (Isolated E-UTRAN Operation for Public Safety)

Deployable LTE & 5G Systems

UE Enhancements

eMTC & NB-IoT: Wide Area & High Density IoT Applications

QPP (QoS, Priority & Preemption)

End-to-End Security

Licensed Spectrum Sharing & Aggregation

Unlicensed & Shared Spectrum Usage

LSA (Licensed Shared Access): Two-Tiered Sharing

CBRS (Citizens Broadband Radio Service): Three-Tiered Sharing

LAA (License Assisted Access) & LTE-U: Licensed & Unlicensed Spectrum Aggregation


Network Sharing & Slicing

MOCN (Multi-Operator Core Network)

DECOR (Dedicated Core)

Network Slicing

Software-Centric Networking

NFV (Network Functions Virtualization)

SDN (Software Defined Networking)

C-RAN (Centralized RAN)

MEC (Multi-Access Edge Computing)

Private LTE & 5G Network Operational Models

Independent Private Network

Managed Private Network

MVNO: Commercial Network with a Private Mobile Core

Other Approaches

Key Applications of Private LTE & 5G Networks

Secure & Seamless Mobile Broadband Access

Bandwidth-Intensive & Latency-Sensitive Field Applications

Bulk Multimedia & Data Transfers

In-Building Coverage & Capacity

Seamless Roaming & Mobile VPN Access

Mission-Critical HD Voice & Group Communications

Video & High-Resolution Imagery

Messaging & Presence Services

Location Services & Mapping

Command & Control Systems

Smart Grid Operations

Industrial Automation

High-Speed Railway Connectivity

PIS (Passenger Information System)

Delay-Sensitive Control of Railway Infrastructure

In-Flight Connectivity for Passengers & Airline Operators

Maritime Connectivity for Ships & Offshore Facilities

Telemetry, Control & Remote Diagnostics

Emerging 5G Applications

Market Growth Drivers

Recognition of LTE as the De-Facto Mobile Broadband Standard

Spectral Efficiency, Flexible Bandwidth, Regional Interoperability & Cost Efficiency

Endorsement from the Critical Communications Industry

Emergence of Unlicensed & Shared Spectrum Technologies

Growing Demands for High-Speed Data Applications

Limited Coverage in Indoor, Industrial & Remote Environments

Control over QoS (Quality of Service)

Market Barriers

Lack of Licensed Spectrum

Funding Challenges for Large-Scale Networks

Smaller Coverage Footprint than Legacy LMR Systems

Delayed Standardization


Chapter 3: Vertical Markets, Case Studies & Private LTE/5G Engagements

Vertical Markets

Critical Communications & Industrial IoT

Public Safety






Factories & Warehouses


Enterprise & Campus Environments

Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts

Private LTE & 5G Network Case Studies

Air France


Beach Energy

Busan Transportation Corporation

China Southern Power Grid

EAN (European Aviation Network)

FirstNet (First Responder Network) Authority

French Army

German Armed Forces (Bundeswehr)

Gold Fields

Halton Regional Police Service

INET (Infrastructure Networks)

Kenyan Police Service

KRNA (Korea Rail Network Authority)

LG Chem



PSCA (Punjab Safe Cities Authority)

Qatar MOI (Ministry of Interior)

RESCAN (Canary Islands Network for Emergency and Security)

Rio Tinto Group

Rivas Vaciamadrid City Council

Shanghai Police Department

South Korea’s Safe-Net (National Disaster Safety Communications Network)

Southern Linc


U.S. Navy


United Kingdom’s ESN (Emergency Services Network)

Zhengzhou Metro

Review of Other Private LTE & 5G Network Engagements

Asia Pacific



Hong Kong






New Zealand




South Korea


















United Kingdom

Other Countries

Latin & Central America



Other Countries

Middle East & Africa

GCC (Gulf Corporation Council) Countries




South Africa

Other Countries

North America


United States


Chapter 4: Spectrum Availability, Allocation & Usage

Frequency Bands for Private LTE & 5G Networks

Licensed Spectrum

400/450 MHz

700 MHz

800 MHz

900 MHz

1.4 GHz

1.8 GHz

2 GHz

2.6 GHz

3.5 GHz & Higher Frequencies

Unlicensed & Shared Spectrum

3.5 GHz CBRS

5 GHz Unlicensed

Other Frequencies

Spectrum Regulation, Sharing & Management

ITU-R (International Telecommunication Union Radiocommunication Sector)

450 MHz Alliance

CBRS Alliance

DSA (Dynamic Spectrum Alliance)

MulteFire Alliance

WinnForum (Wireless Innovation Forum)


Chapter 5: Standardization, Regulatory & Collaborative Initiatives

3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project)

Public Safety & Critical Communications Enhancements in Releases 11-14

Industrial IoT Enhancements in Releases 13 & 14: eMTC & NB-IoT

Release 15 & Beyond: Mission-Critical Service Requirements for Railways & Transportation

AGURRE (Association of Major Users of Operational Radio Networks, France)

Advocacy Efforts for Private LTE Networks in the Transportation & Energy Sectors

ATIS (Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions)

Standardization Efforts Relevant to Private & Critical Communications LTE

China Association of Metros

Adoption of LTE as the Communications Standard for Urban Rail Systems

CRC (Communications Research Centre Canada)

Interoperability Research and Evaluation of Public Safety LTE Networks

DRDC (Defence Research and Development Canada)

R&D Efforts in Public Safety & Military LTE Networks

ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)

TCCE (TETRA and Critical Communications Evolution) Technical Committee

EUAR (European Union Agency for Railways)

Coordinating Efforts for FRMCS (Future Railway Mobile Communication System)

Home Office, United Kingdom

Public Safety LTE Standardization Efforts

KRRI (Korea Railroad Research Institute)

LTE-Based KRTCS (Korean Radio-Based Train Control System)

PSCE (Public Safety Communications Europe)

Standardization & Readiness Efforts for Mission-Critical Mobile Broadband

PSCR (Public Safety Communications Research) Program

Technology Development & Standardization Efforts for Public Safety LTE

Public Safety Canada

Participation in the Federal PSBN (Public Safety Broadband Network) Task Team

Safe-Net Forum

Guidance & Ecosystem Development for Public Safety LTE Networks

SCF (Small Cell Forum)

Specifications for Enterprise & Unlicensed Small Cells

TCCA (TETRA and Critical Communications Association)

CCBG (Critical Communications Broadband Group)

BIG (Broadband Industry Group)

TIA (Telecommunications Industry Association)

TR-8.8: Subcommittee on Broadband Data Systems

TTA (Telecommunications Technology Association of Korea)

Functional Requirements for Public Safety LTE

LTE-R (LTE Based Railway Communication System)

LTE-M (LTE-Maritime)

U.S. NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology)

CTL (Communications Technology Laboratory): R&D Leadership for FirstNet

U.S. NPSTC (National Public Safety Telecommunications Council)

Early Leadership in Public Safety LTE

U.S. NTIA (National Telecommunications and Information Administration)

FirstNet Governance & Funding

UIC (International Union of Railways)

Replacing GSM-R with LTE

FRMCS (Future Railway Mobile Communication System) Initiative

UTC (Utilities Telecom Council) & EUTC (European UTC)

Advocacy Efforts for Critical Infrastructure Private LTE Networks

Vendor-Led Alliances

Huawei's eLTE Industry Alliance

Nokia's Mission Critical Communications Alliance



Chapter 6: Industry Roadmap & Value Chain

Industry Roadmap

Pre-2020: Large-Scale Investments in Critical Communications LTE Networks

2020 – 2025: Commercial Maturity of Unlicensed & Shared Spectrum

2025 – 2030: Continued Investments in Private 5G Networks

Value Chain

Enabling Technology Providers

RAN, Mobile Core & Transport Infrastructure OEMs

Device OEMs

System Integrators

Application Developers

Test, Measurement & Performance Specialists

Mobile Operators


Vertical Market End Users


Chapter 7: Key Ecosystem Players

Alliander (450connect/Utility Connect)

4K Solutions

AAS (Amphenol Antenna Solutions)


Ace Technologies Corporation



ADLINK Technology

ADRF (Advanced RF Technologies)


ADVA Optical Networking


Advantech Wireless

Affarii Technologies

Affirmed Networks

Airbus Defence and Space


Airspan Networks



Allied Telesis

Alpha Networks

Alpha Technologies


Altaeros Energies

Altair Semiconductor

Altiostar Networks

Alvarion Technologies

AM Telecom

Ambra Solutions/Ecotel



American Tower Corporation

Anritsu Corporation

Ansaldo STS

Arcadyan Technology Corporation

Arete M




ARM Holdings


Artemis Networks

Artesyn Embedded Technologies

Artiza Networks



Assured Wireless Corporation

ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute)


Atel Antennas




Avanti Communications Group

Aviat Networks

Azcom Technology

Azetti Networks

BAE Systems

Baicells Technologies

Barrett Communications

BATS (Broadband Antenna Tracking Systems)

BCE (Bell Canada)


BFDX (BelFone)

Bird Technologies

Bittium Corporation

Black & Veatch

Black Box Corporation


Bombardier Transportation

BridgeWave Communications


BTI Wireless

C Spire

CACI International

CalAmp Corporation

Cambium Networks

Cambridge Consultants

Casa Systems

CCI (Communication Components Inc.)

CCI Systems

CCN (Cirrus Core Networks)


Ceragon Networks

Challenge Networks

Chemring Technology Solutions

Cielo Networks

Ciena Corporation


Cisco Systems


CND (Core Network Dynamics)

Cobham Wireless

Codan Radio Communications

Coherent Logix

Collinear Networks

Comba Telecom




Comrod Communication Group

Comtech Telecommunications Corporation

CONET Technologies

Connect Tech



Cornet Technology

Corning/Spider Cloud Wireless


Crown Castle International Corporation

CS Corporation


CyPhy Works

Dali Wireless

DAMM Cellular Systems

Datang Mobile

Dell Technologies

Delta Electronics



Druid Software

DT (Deutsche Telekom)


EchoStar Corporation


EION Wireless

Elbit Systems

ELUON Corporation

Embraer Defense & Security

ENENSYS Technologies





ETRI (Electronics & Telecommunications Research Institute, South Korea)

Exalt Wireless

Excelerate Technology


Expeto Wireless


ExteNet Systems

Eyecom Telecommunications Group



FastBack Networks

Federated Wireless

Fenix Group

Flash Private Mobile Networks


Fraunhofer FOKUS (Institute for Open Communication Systems)

Fraunhofer HHI (Heinrich Hertz Institute)

FreeWave Technologies

Ice Group



Fujian Sunnada Network Technology



Future Technologies

Galtronics Corporation

GCT Semiconductor

GE (General Electric)

Gemtek Technology


General Dynamics Mission Systems



Gilat Satellite Networks


Goodman Networks

Goodmill Systems



GSI (GS Instech)

Guangzhou Iplook Technologies

GWT (Global Wireless Technologies)

Harris Corporation

HCL Technologies



Hoimyung ICT

Honeywell International

Horsebridge Defence & Security

HPE (Hewlett Packard Enterprise)


Hughes Network Systems

Hunter Technology

Hytera Communications

IAI (Israel Aerospace Industries)


IDY Corporation





Intel Corporation


Intracom Telecom



Iridium Communications

ISCO International



ITRI (Industrial Technology Research Institute, Taiwan)

JMA Wireless

JRC (Japan Radio Company)

Juni Global

Juniper Networks

JVCKENWOOD Corporation

Kapsch CarrierCom

Kathrein-Werke KG


Keysight Technologies

Kisan Telecom

Klas Telecom



Koning & Hartman

Kontron S&T


KRTnet Corporation

KT Corporation

Kudelski Group

Kumu Networks

Kyocera Corporation

L3 Technologies

LCR Embedded Systems

Lemko Corporation